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    jackie_rumble likes this.
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    • leedsmuseums The Chapter House was the second most important building in the abbey. It was a meeting space where every morning the choir monks would gather to hear a chapter from the Rule of St Benedict, hence the name. This meeting was a bit like a modern school assembly, important information would be given by the abbot who was the head of the monastery, there was an opportunity for each monk to confess their sins or another monk could confess your sins to the abbot for your benefit so you could be corrected! Praise and punishments would then be given. Punishments were usually reflective and gave the monk the opportunity to think about what he had done wrong. They often took the form of social exclusion from meals or worship, or could reflect the sin committed, for example, a reduction in food for greed or less time in the warming house for sloth. Punishments could be physical for serious crimes, there was even a prison cell next to the infirmary but most abbots preferred reflective punishments. One such punishment was to wear a shirt made from horse hair under a habit which would make your skin itch constantly and was intended to remind you of the sin you committed, Abbot Terguis wore this shirt all the time to remind him of man’s sin so he would be constantly itching! Some times the abbots themselves needed punishing, in 1356 Abbot John Topcliffe was accused of leading a band of monks and lay brothers to attack Thomas Sergeant’s house, to steal his goods and imprison him. In 1377, Abbot John Thornberg was accused of attacking servants, destroying trees and hunting game. This is also the place where the monks gathered to surrender the abbey to Henry VIII’s commissioners in November 1539 making it one of the last abbeys to be dissolved. The Abbot John Ripley had fought the dissolution from the beginning, even though the Heads of Monasteries were made generous offers. Eventually, Abbot Ripley retired to the Gatehouse, now Abbey House Museum, with a very generous pension. Today you will be able to see a number of stone coffins at the back of the Chapter House and if you look closely also buried in the walls. It has been suggested that abbots were buried in the coffins in the walls as they were often buried in Chapter Houses, but when people made the holes you can see in the coffins looking for treasure all that they found was rubble! The coffins in the walls were probably just used as a quick stable building material when the Chapter House was extended. There is no evidence that the coffins at the back were ever used either, although people who like ghost stories often disagree! Frequent checks of the chapter house are made today to monitor the number of bats living here. We have 2 types of bats; Pipestrelles, tiny little bats whose bodies are only 3 cm long and are the most common in England, and Daubentons, water bats which have webbed feet to scoop insects from the surface of the water. The bats live in the cracks in the walls and ceiling and are monitored in this area as the stone floor makes it easier to identify and count bat droppings. Our staff are all trained to know the difference between bat and mouse droppings, if you stand on a bat dropping it will disintegrate as they live on a diet of insects, mouse droppings are much firmer! Next door is the Library.
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    Intro to Bat Lesson
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    This joke comes from True Justice the Steven Seagal cable TV show #ESL #ELT #ELL #ELD #ESOL #EFL #TESOL #ESOL #English #language...
    • Whatsofunny MY PAPPY TAUGHT ME TO NEVER HIT A MAN WITH GLASSES. HE SAID USE SOMETHING THAT’LL MAKE A DENT, LIKE A BASEBALL BAT. What’s so funny about this? At first glance, this joke seems a bit on the mean if not violent side, but it does contain a great double, ambiguous usage of the preposition WITH. I heard the joke while watching the new Steven Seagal television program. Here’s an aikido guy who’s been around now for over 25 years, a long time for a martial arts actor. He’s the real deal as far as aikido is concerned but his acting leaves a lot to be desired as does his self-obsession and self-promotion. But, I still like watching him, hoping to catch some actual aikido in the action scenes. They are fewer and farther between than they used to be. He’s added a lot more guns and shooting which is a shame. These days people seem to be engaged in physical fights less and less and relying on guns, more and more. Not that I’m a fighting advocate. I just believe that you should know how to protect and defend yourself and that training to do this actually leads you to become more, not less, peaceful. You are less fearful and more in touch with others and yourself. At least in the joke we have a guy who’s willing to take things a little slowly instead of escalating to guns right away. The father imparted, or passed on, some sound advice. At first it sounds like his advice was not to hit someone who appears to be weaker and more vulnerable than you; someone who is wearing glasses. Should the glasses fall off or be broken he or she will be at a definite disadvantage, not being able to see clearly. Of course if they have the skills of the superhero Daredevil who is blind, that’s another story. The trick in the joke’s set-up is the preposition “with”. At first we think it refers to someone with glasses, meaning wearing glasses. But it can just as easily refer to the person doing the hitting “with” glasses meaning the glasses are the object used to hit the other person. In this case, the glasses, being small and light weight, will not do a lot of damage and not be a particularly good weapon. That’s why the man’s father suggested a heavier object that can put a nice sized dent or lump on another guy’s head. And THAT’s what may not be funny but is pretty effective!